GIT is a source code management and revision control system. There are various version control system are available, GIT has become very popular lately with its lots of enhanced feature, easy to use, availability and speed. I am sure all of us also use some or other system to version control our automation scripts. In this post, we are going to focus on using GIT and how we can easily integrate with UFT.
I assume, you are already well versed with GIT and its concepts. I will put few basics here for a quick refresher. Get more details from GitHub help.
Lets understand Version Control System first, a Version Control System allows you and your team to work on the same project simultaneously. It does not allow overwrite the changes and maintains a history of each change. There are two types of Version Control System
- Centralized Version Control System
- Distributed Version Control System
GIT is a Distributed Version Control System, it maintains a fully mirrored repository at client which make it distributed and different than centralized one. If any of the server goes down then a copy from client be brought back to restore. Every checkout is the full backup of repository.
GIT is Secure, Powerful, Easy to use , Fast and Free!
There are four main steps to work with GIT
- Modify a file in working directory.
- Add files to Staging area
- Perform Commit operation to move files from staging area.
- Perform Push Operation to store the changes permanently to the GIT repository
Lets now get into step by step integration of UFT and GIT. we have used UFT 14 in this post.
Step 0: Install GIT and Create Account at GITHub
If you don’t have an account with github, create an account at github.com
Download and install GIT on your System
Configure GIT, Open GIT Bash and run below commands one by one
git config --global user.email "your email" git config --global user.name "your user name"
Step 1: Create GitHub Repository
Login to your GitHub account which you created, and create a new repository for your test. Here you can create a public or private repository. GitHub charges some amount for private repository.
Follow these steps:
[fvplayer src=”http://automated-360.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/06/UFT-GIT1.flv” width=”898″ height=”552″ autoplay=”true” embed=”false”]
Step 2: Clone Repository to Local GIT
It is required to get your repository at GitHub to you local repository and linked. To do this you need to perform clone repository operation either at GIT GUI or GIT Bash.
- Create a folder on your system, say “C:\GIT”
- Launch GIT GUI and click on “Clone Existing Repository”
- Go to your GitHub and Copy the clone path for your repository, this path should be source location and the folder you created at your local should be the destination
- Click on Clone, and your local repository should be ready
Use commands below at GIT Bash to do the same, Navigate to the local repository directory before running these commands.
git init git clone https://github.com/<Git Clone path>.git
Step 3: Create Test
If you will notice in the solution explorer, a red exclamation mark has been added to all the file icon, which indicates that the files are currently in you local repository and not yet pushed to the GitHub.
Step 4: Push Test to GitHub Repository
Two easy steps – Commit the changes and then Push the changes. These options are available in the right click menu on the test at Solution explorer. Push Option will be disable at first, which means that you will need to commit the changes first.
at the bottom left you can see the status of operation you perform.
refer the steps –
[fvplayer src=”http://automated-360.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/06/UFTGIT2.flv” width=”1056″ height=”718″ autoplay=”true”]
Once you have successfully pushed your changes to GitHub Repository, you can open the repository there and see the files from UFT test there.
What else operations can be performed from UFT?
Compare with previous version: If you have made changes in the local repository, then you can compare the local repository test to the last commit using “Compare with previous revision” option.
Use Bash for all other Operations: UFT does not provide direct option for other operations like Create Branches or Merge Branches. You will use Bash for all such operations. from UFT menu option, you should use “Open Bash” to launch GIT Bash and use commands
Create Branch: Use command below to create a branch in local repository, which will need to be pushed to github.
Git checkout –b <New_Branch_Name>
Merge Changes to Master: To merge your changes to Master Branch at Repository, you will need to first checkout the master and and then merge the branch changes. use commands below
git checkout master git merge <branch name>
Hope it was helpful, let us know if you have any further questions or any help required.